The primeval African community, which migrated northwards to Susiana later to form the Elamite Dynasty, the precursor of Sumerian civilization, split into Indo-Asian and Indo-European culture. Religion originated from the Indo-Asian ancestress, surmisably the Sanatan religion or maybe earlier from the Ajivika religion.

Ajivika or heterodox school of primal ism, though supposedly founded in the 5th century BCE by Makkhali Gosala, is known to be organised Śramaṇa movement by atheists, who formed distinct societies. They believed fate to script life’s events in tune with cosmic rationale, with absence of freewill. It is stated to be a la mode around the same period as Buddhism and Jainism. My personal view is, it originated earlier, as is evident by their metaphysical atomic theory, its trait pre-set by cosmic forces. This conforms Einstein’s concept of universal energy changing forms, now established by the black hole concept of energy transformation. What is common with the ensuing religions is the concept of the soul, in various forms. It is an energy form of the concept of Soham, a putative mantra which means ‘I am He’ or fusion of individual with mass energy. It is inverted from so ‘ham (the fusion of sa + aham) to ham + sa. The combination of so ‘ha hasa gives the imaginative individual, pride like a swan. It symbolizes atma or fusion of individual with mass energy. Death is mere change of form of energy mutation, as per Einstein’s black hole concept.

Jainism which tows the line of Śramaṇa movement, probably followed from the Ajivika. It is known to originate with Mahavira, known as Vardhamāna in 599 BC. At the age of thirty, Mahavira left home in pursuit of spiritual arousal, abandoning material things to become a monk. For the next twelve-and-a-half years, he practiced deep meditation and austere penance, after which, he became kevalī (omniscient).

Buddhism followed, in 563 BCE, with the same story of a rich prince Siddhartha leaving his empire, initially with five disciples (who later abandoned him), eventually finding enlightenment in Sarnath. There, when he fainted, two traders from Orissa (conversant with Pali language) gave him nutrients, to whom he preached his newfound insight. They took his teachings to Sri Lanka. The earliest book on Buddhism was written in Pali from there, forming the Hinayana cult.

Of the three primitive religions, there wasn’t an iota of idol worship. Later when Gautama Buddha moved to Sahet and Mahet on the banks of River Achiravati (known as Srabasti) to preach, he was sponsored by King Prosenjit. To survive in his kingdom, he had to adopt his teachings in line with the modish Hindu practice of idol worship, later emerging as Mahayana cult. In his twenty-four years of sermon there, by submission, he temporarily accepted the order of idol worship, which was the biggest blunder for years to come. It was the start of a ruinous saga of the Indian sub-continent.

Half-a century later, a young boy from Jerusalem came to India via the silk route. Initially he was ousted from Puri by the Hindu pundits, later went to Sarnath, Sikkim, Nepal, Leh and Ladakh to imbibe the teachings of both religions for thirteen years, which he took back as his treasure, to spell the message of humanity, much against the existing rulers. He was evicted and returned by the silk route to Shrinagar with his friends and followers, to preach the same in Rozabal, in the name of Yuz Asaf, until his death at the age of eighty years. He was later portrayed as the saviour Jesus Christ, with a fable named The Bible.

At that time, Rome was in chaos. Romans worshipped the Sun God, celebrating Saturnalia (17th to 23rd December) which involved private gift-giving, week-long partying, and a carnival air. Its concept coincided with the Pagan festival. The hexagonal concept of admission to the alter of God or change of form of energy, is nothing but a Saturnian concept of mutation of energy, be it feat, death or re-birth.

To gain control of the chaotic Rome, a fable was yarned in the name of The Bible, a character named Jesus portrayed as the saviour, whose birth was made to coincide with the festivities of Saturnalia for wider acceptance. It was written 180 years after his so-called birth.

At least they didn’t have an idol. It talked of the preaching of Ajivika, Jainism and Buddhism, which then had a wider acceptance.

On the other hand, Indo-Asian group displaced the atheist section southwards. The southeast migrants split southwards as Australian aborigines, northwards to India, mingling with the displaced Dravidians. Some spread to the northeast to China, Japan and then via Arctic Bering Strait to America as native Americans. This is confirmed by Y-linked haplogroup and mtDNA studies.

The prime reason for their superiority was non-submission to an idol, towing the line of humanism. The obeisance to an illusory idol, takes away the confidence or Soham, which is the basic of concept of Einstein’s energy conversion. It makes one weak, leading to petty quarrels with increase of inferiority complex, detrimental in path of ascension. The worship is endorsed by various imposed rituals, leading to rivalry, with no bearing to the Divine.

It is wiser to look at existence from humanist angle and endeavour to merge with other forms of energy. The black hole concept of Einstein is the path to blending the Soham with the Universal energy, atma in its switchable extents than be stuck with human jargons of God in the form of an idol. Only then can a society evolve beyond its narrow paradigms to the Saturnine path of salvation or energy fusion accepting the transmutation of its form.